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一、浙江近代物理中心简史(1991- )

    浙江大学理论物理学科是1981年获准的全国首批博士点之一。当时的学科带头人李文铸教授带领一支富有活力的学术队伍主要从事量子场论方面的研究,特别是格点规范理论的研究。在1983年随着汪容教授的加入使得该学科点的研究力量进一步加强。在八十年代中期至九十年代初,本学科培养了一批活跃在量子场论、弦理论和格点规范理论前沿领域的青年物理工作者,如董绍静、应和平、虞跃、张剑波、胡红亮、徐开文、费少明、吴建斌等,为我国理论物理事业的发展做出了贡献。
    在1990年经美国哥伦比亚大学教授、 诺贝尔奖获得者李政道先生和路甬祥校长(现任中国科学院院长)协商提议,在浙江大学成立了浙江近代物理中心(以后简称中心),由国家领导人陈云同志为中心题写所名,并由李政道教授亲任中心主任。中心作为浙江大学理论物理学科的依托单位于1991年设立了物理学博士后流动站,先后吸引一批优秀青年进入博士后流动站从事科研工作。目前,在中心聚集了一批在理论物理前沿领域积极工作的年轻人,他们中的一些人现已是近代物理中心的学术中坚。
    1998年新浙江大学成立后,贺贤土院士兼职浙江大学理学院院长工作,贺贤土院士是理论物理方面造诣很深的专家,因此他对中心工作给予了有力的指导,特别是在学科点的布局以及人才的合理配置方面做了许多具体的工作。 
    近年来,中心通过从海外引进罗民兴、鲁定辉和金洪英等专业人才为自身在粒子物理和核物理的研究方向增添了新的活力。2001年,唐孝威院士全职调入浙江大学工作,他在粒子物理与核物理实验方面的学术造诣更加强了本学科的科研实力。同年,经教育部长江学者奖励计划批准,郑波教授和李有泉教授被聘为特聘教授,使中心在统计物理和凝聚态理论方向的研究水平更上了一个台阶。
    现在,中心已形成了一支以中青年学者为主体的学术队伍。这支队伍由13位40岁左右、具有博士学位和高级职称的人员构成。其中具有正高职称的9位均已负责过国家级科研项目,且有7位负责过两项以上的国家级科研项目。他们在各自主要研究领域均取得过高水平的研究成果, 在国内具有较强的竞争力。

二、主要研究领域

    中心的主要研究领域有:量子场论与基本粒子理论;粒子物理和核物理的唯象理论;统计物理和凝聚态理论;量子物理过程等。

    当前研究主要研究方向为:

    强关联系统和介观体系物理的理论研究目前的主要研究兴趣有广义自旋模型和轨道简并电子系统的基态和低激发态特性;电子-电子相互作用及电子-杂质耦合的物理效应;奇异金属材料的非费米液体行为及量子相变和临界现象;纳米尺度体系的电荷、自旋输运问题等。着重运用可积场论非微扰方法,强-弱duality 处理强关联问题。
    临界动力学等非平衡态统计物理前沿问题目前主要研究兴趣在统计物理和凝聚态物理的数值研究、簇团迭代模拟方法,关于经典自旋系统的研究,及其关于量子自旋系统的应用和发展、动力学临界现象,拓广短时动力学方法到无序系统、KT相变、量子自旋模型和格点规范理论等复杂系统。我们也关注自组织现象、湍流理论和金融经济学等交叉学科的发展。
    标准模型与核物理主要研究兴趣在标准模型的精确检验和新物理的探索,以及引力和超弦理论的唯象分析。强子物理以及极端条件下的核物质性质。研究夸克和胶子自由度在原子核中的作用和效应,重味夸克物理,反常强子物理,非微扰QCD等
    其它研究方向有:含时系统和早期宇宙演化问题中的量子场论、几何相因子、弦理论、量子计算与量子信息、量子光学、分子动力学

三、研究环境

    中心办公楼位于浙江大学玉泉校区,靠近灵峰的一个小山坡上,环境优雅;总占地约1000平方米,内设15个工作室。中心配有先进的网络服务器和设施齐全的学术报告厅。
    浙江近代物理中心(浙江大学理论物理学科依托单位)是教育部"长江特聘教授"设岗单位;物理学博士后流动站建站单位;物理学博士点单位。目前已有两位院士与两位长江学者在中心从事研究工作。另外,中心也与国际上许多研究机构建立了协作关系。

四、浙江近代物理中心的主要目标

    今后的主要目标是, 建设一支能够适应理论物理学迅速发展而出现的高难度重大前沿课题研究需要的学术科研队伍。我们争取在理论物理学科当前发展的重要前沿课题方面做出有影响的研究成果,使浙江近代物理中心成为国内重要的研究单位之一。通过综合实力的提高,使浙江大学理论物理学科稳固地处于国内先进行列,并在某些研究方向上处于国内领先地位。从而逐步实现李政道先生提出的浙江近代物理中心的宗旨和目标:促进理论物理学科和相关基础学科的发展,进而促进我国尤其是长江流域一带的基础学科的发展,使浙江近代物理中心成为我国基础科学的强有力的人才培养和科学创新的基地之一。 
 
 
 
 

1.Brief History (1991- present)

    The discipline of theoretical physics in Zhejiang University is one of the first PhD- awarding branches approved in 1981 over China. The research group, led by Prof. Li Wen-Zhu in the following years, worked mainly on quantum field theory, particularly on lattice gauge theory. In 1983, Prof. Wang Rong joined the group and strengthened the research power on the field significantly. From 1980's to 1990's, the Theoretical Physics Institute had fostered a term of active young physicist, including Drs. S.J. Dong, H.P. Ying, Y. Yu, J.B. Zhang, H.L. Hu, K.W. Xu, S.M. Fei, J.B. Wu etc., making considerable contributions to the development of theoretical physics in our country.
    In 1991, following the proposal of Prof. T.D. Lee (Columbia University, Nobel Laureate) and Prof. Y.X. Lu (the former president of the Zhejiang University, the director of Chinese Academy of Sciences), Zhejiang Institute of Modern Physics (ZIMP) was officially founded in Zhejiang University, Prof. T.D. Lee was appointed the director. ZIMP was authorized to set up the postdoc training program in physics in 1991, and it became a supporting unit of the discipline of theoretical physics in Zhejiang University. A number of young researchers have been attracted to ZIMP since 1991. Some of them now become academic leaders and play key roles in various research fields.
    After the unification of the four universities and formation of the new Zhejiang University in 1998, Prof. X.T. He (Academician of CAS) was appointed the dean of College of Science. He has paid special attention to overall strategy and human resources of ZIMP in the last few years. In 2001, Prof X.W.Tang (Academician of CAS) joined the University, his academic achievement in particle and nuclear physics certainly strengthened the power of the research field of particle and nuclear physics. At present, there is a young, competitive research team at ZIMP. There are thirteen faculty members who age from 35 to 46. Nine of them have been in charge of several national scientific research projects. Most of them have performed high quality research works. Such a team in scientific research power is rare in all universities over China.

2. Main Research Area

    The main research area of ZIMP members includes: quantum field theory and high energy theory, particle and nuclear physics; statistical physics, computational and theoretical condensed matter physics and strongly correlated electronic systems; mesoscopic physics, quantum information and quantum computation etc. 
    The nonperturbative approach for the quantum field theory and string theory has become a major research direction of current high-energy physics. There is a competitive working group at ZIMP. In particle and nuclear physics, ZIMP introduced several experts from oversea (Profs. M.X. Luo, D.H. Lu, and H.Y. Jin ) in recent years. In the research subjects of statistical and condensed matter physics, particularly in numerical computation using the cluster algorithms and dynamical Monte Carlo simulations, ZIMP also occupies a dominant position, led by Prof. B. Zheng. Furthermore there are a number of members who study the strongly correlated electron systems,  led by Prof. Y.Q. Li; they also collaborate with Prof. D. Vollhardt (Augsburg. Univ.) and Prof. F.C. Zhang (Cincinnati Univ.), etc. Overall, the above three research fields are strong at ZIMP and in advanced ranks in our country.

3. Research Environment

    ZIMP is located in the Yu-Quan campus of Zhejiang University, its building occupies about 1000 square meters, including 15 study rooms with computers and access to Internet, and one seminar room with some multi-media equipments. Researchers can also access an ORIGIN 2000 supercomputer at the College of Science. Further the ZIMP is a unit with the posts of distinguished Chang-Jiang Professors, postdoctoral positions and the Ph.D. program.

4. Main Research Subjects

    The future subjects of ZIMP is to establish a high-quality research team which fits the rapid development of theoretical physics and is capable of solving complex, advanced problems. We hope to obtain a few influential results in current research fields, thus make ZIMP a significant research base in our country. Through enhancement of its overall strength, we hope to firmly place the theoretical physics in Zhejiang University in leading ranks in our country, thus it gradually achieves the goal set up by Prof. T.D. Lee of promoting of theoretical physics research and fundamental science in China, especially in east Yangtzi River region. ZIMP is aspires to become a strong base of human training for basic science research in our country. 
 
 
 

 
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